William Eggleston (amerikanisch, geb. 1939) ist ein Fotograf, der maßgeblich daran beteiligt war, die Farbfotografie zu einer akzeptierten und beliebten Kunstform zu machen, die auch in Galerien gezeigt wird. Eggleston wurde im Süden Amerikas geboren und wuchs in einer wohlhabenden Familie auf. In seiner Kindheit zeichnete er, er spielte Klavier und beschäftigte sich mit Elektronik. Bereits früh fand er Gefallen am Ausschneiden von Bildern aus Zeitschriften und Postkarten und war von den visuellen Medien begeistert. Er ging aufs Internat und später an die private Universität Vanderbilt University in Nashville. Dann ging er für ein Semester ans Delta State College. Er studierte fünf Jahre an der der staatlichen Universität in Oxford, Mississippi University of Mississippi, schaffte aber leider keinen Abschluss. Zu dieser Zeit entwickelte sich sein Interesse an der Fotografie.

Als er 1965 den Fotografen William Christenberry kennenlernte, begann er mit der Farbfotografie. 1960 entdeckte er das Farbdia für sich, das zu einem der wichtigsten Medien seiner Karriere wurde. 1973 und 1974 was Eggleston als Lehrer an der privaten Universität Harvard University tätig. Während dieser Zeit experimentierte er mit verschiedenen Fotografie-Techniken und entwickelte das Dye-Transfer-Verfahren bzw. den Reliefdruck. Sein Werk The Red Ceiling entstand 1973. 1976 wurden Egglestons Arbeiten im Museum of Modern Art in New York ausgestellt.

In den kommenden Jahren entstanden viele Werke, wie i>Election Eve (1976), The Morals of Vision (1978) und Troubled Waters (1980). Eggleston fotografierte 1986 die Filmsets von Annie und True Stories. Außerdem steuerte er Fotografien für Albumcover von Bands wie Big Star, Alex Chilton, Primal Scream und Christopher Idylls bei. 2003 veröffentlichte Eggleston den Fotoband Los Alamos, der seine Werke von 1966 bis 1974 enthält. Er hatte einen Gastauftritt im Film Great Balls of Fire und erstellte eine Printanzeige für das Modelabel Marc Jacobs. Ein Filmporträt über den Künstler mit dem Titel William Eggleston in the Real World entstand 2005.

Eggleston lebt und arbeitet in Memphis, Tennessee.

Chronik

1939
Born in Memphis, TN
1967
Went to New York and met Garry Winogrand, Lee Friedlander, and Diane Arbus
1967
Presented his work to John Szarkowski at The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1974
Recieved a Guggenheim Fellowship
1974
Appointed Lecturer in Visiual and Environmental Studies at The Carpenter Center, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
1975
Recieved a National Endowment for the Arts Photographer's Fellowship
1978
Appointed Reasearcher in Color Videa at Massachusetts Institute of Technology at the invitation of Richard Leacock
1989
Accepted one of 54 Master Photographers of 1960–1979 awards from Photographic Society of Japan
1996
Recieved the University of Memphis Distinguished Achievement Award
2003
Accepted Gold medal for Photography from National Arts Club, New York, NY
2004
Received the Getty Images Lifetime Achievement Award at the International Center of Photography Infinity Awards
2004
Accepted Photoespana Award
Lives and works in Memphis, TN

Ausstellungen

2013
At War with the Obvious: Photographs by William Eggleston, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA (solo)
2011
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA
2010
William Eggleston: Democratic Camera, Photographs and Video, 1961-2008, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA (solo)
William Eggleston: American Photographer, Edward Cella Art + Architecture, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
21st Century, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, England (solo)
21st Century, Cheim & Read, New York, USA (solo)
2009
Paris, Fondation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain, Paris, France (solo)
William Eggleston: Democratic Camera, Photographs and Video, 1961-2008, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (solo)
William Eggleston: Democratic Camera, Photographs and Video, 1958-2008, Haus der Kunst, München, Germany
William Eggleston - David Lynch. Fotografien, Galerie Karl Pfefferle, München, Germany
2008
Hasselblad Center, Goteborg, Sweden
The Menil Collection, Houston, USA
Color Portraits–1974, Photology, Milan, Italy (solo)
Democratic Camera, Photographs and Videos 1961 – 2008, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA; Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA; Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
L'oeil démocratique, Centre de Photographie de Lectoure, Lectoure, France (solo)
2007
Color Portraits–1974, Studio Trisorio, Naples, Italy; Studio Trisorio, Rome, Italy; Inverleith House, Edinburgh, Scotland (solo)
Portfolios, Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich, Germany (solo)
Cadillac Portfolio, Lora Reynolds Gallery, Austin, USA (solo)
Museo de Arte Contemporanea de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
Stephen Daiter Gallery, Chicago, USA
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
Brooks Museum of Art, Memphis, USA (solo)
2006
Spirit of Dunkerque, Lieu d'Art et d'Action Contemporaine, Dunkerque, France (solo)
Nightclub Portraits, 1973, galerie du jour agnès b., Paris, France (solo)
Stranded in Canton, Xavier Hufkens, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
William Eggleston, Camera Work AG, Berlin, Germany (solo)
The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
2005
BA-CA Kunstforum Wien, Vienna, Austria
Nightclub Portraits, 1973, Cheim & Read, New York, USA (solo)
Albertina, Vienna, Austria (solo)
William Eggleston, Photographs Do Not Bend Gallery, Dallas, USA (solo)
2004
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humblebaek, Denmark (solo)
Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
Dust Bells, and the film Stranded in Canton, Victoria Miro Gallery, London, England (solo)
William Eggleston, Rose Gallery, Santa Monica, USA (solo)
Louisiana Project. Photographs 1981–82, Galerie Johannes Faber, Vienna, Austria (solo)
William Eggleston Precolor: The Black and White Photographs, 1959–1974, and the film, STRANDED IN CANTON, 1974, Cheim & Read, New York, USA (solo)
2003
William Eggleston Recent Photographs, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France (solo)
Pictures from the Seventies, Xavier Hufkens, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
Cadillac Portfolio, Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago, USA (solo)
Graceland, Galerie Rolf Hengesbach, Cologne, Germany (solo)
William Eggleston: Los Alamos, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany (solo)
2002
William Eggleston: A Selection of 25 Recent Photographs, Documenta XI, Kassel, Germany (solo)
William Eggleston: Fotografier 1966–75, Galleri Riis, Oslo, Norway (solo)
William Eggleston: CA 2000–2001, Galerie Monika Spruth, Cologne, Germany (solo)
William Eggleston, Yancey Richardson Gallery, New York Project Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Hayward Gallery, London, England (solo)
Monte Clark Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
2001
Willliam Eggleston: Mostly California Desert Pictures 1999 – 2001, Rose Gallery, Santa Monica, USA (solo)
William Eggleston, Fondation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain, Paris, France (solo)
William Eggleston, Thomas Zander, Köln, Germany (solo)
William Eggleston Recent Work, Xavier Hufkens Gallery, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
William Eggleston: Recent Work, Cheim & Read, New York, USA (solo)
White Cube, London, England
2000
Sprengel Museum Hannover, Hanover, Germany
Cadillac, Michael Hue–Williams, London, England (solo)
William Eggleston and the Color Tradition, J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
1999
P.S.1. Contemporary Art Center, Long Island City, USA
Cadillac: Color Photographs from 1966-71, Cheim & Read, New York, USA (solo)
William Eggleston—1998 Hasselblad Award Winner, Hasselblad Center, Göteborg, Sweden (solo)
Dye Transfer Prints, Gallery of Contemporary Photography, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
Fundacion Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
Eggleston 70/90, The Gallery of Contemporary Photography, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
1998
Fotomuseum Wintethur, Winterthur, Switzerland
1997
10.D.70. VI. Robert Miller Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Eve's Bayou, Gallery of Contemporary Photography, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
1995
Four Portfolios, Art Museum of the University of Memphis, Memphis, USA (solo)
1994
From Graceland to Wasteland, Laurence Miller Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
1992
Ancient and Modern, Barbican Gallery, London, England (solo)
William Eggleston. First Color 1967–1972, Laurence Miller Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
1990
Democratic Forest, Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C. (solo)
1986
William Eggleston's Guide, Middendorf Gallery, Washington, D.C. (solo)
1985
William Eggleston's Early Black and White Photography, Memphis Brooks Museum, Memphis, USA (solo)
Recent Color Photographs, Friends of Photography, Carmel, USA (solo)
New Works from Tennessee Project, Allen Street Gallery, Dallas, USA (solo)
William Eggleston. Photographs from Miami, Day Vista Photography Gallery, Florida International University, Miami, USA (solo)
1984
Graceland, Middendorf Gallery, Washington, D.C. (solo)
Graceland and the South, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA (solo)
1983
William Eggleston: Colour Photographs from the American South, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, England (solo)
1981
William Eggleston. Photographs 1967–1978, Light Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
1980
Troubled Waters, Charles Cowles Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
1979
American Photography in the 1970s, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA (solo)
1978
Election Eve, Laguna Gloria Museum, Austin, USA (solo)
Nicholas Nixon & William Eggleston, Cronin Gallery, Houston, USA (solo)
1977
William Eggleston, Color Photographs 1966–1977, Castelli Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Election Eve, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
William Eggleston: Dye Transfer Photographs, Grapesteak Gallery, Washington, D.C.
1976
Photographs by William Eggleston, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA

Öffentliche Sammlungen

Siemens Kulturstiftung, Munich, Germany
Sprengel Museum, Hannover, Germany
Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Japan
Whitney Museum of American Art, NY
Victoria and Albert Museum, London, England
Australia National Gallery
Art Institute of Chicago
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France
Corcoran Gallery, Washington, DC
Fotomuseum, Winterhur, Switzerland
Museum of Fine Art, Houston, TX
Museum of Modern Art, New York
National Gallery, Washington, DC
New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, LA