Performance-Künstlerin. Marina Abramović (serbisch, 30.11.1946) wird in Belgrad geboren. Von 1965 bis 1970 studiert sie Malerei an der Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Belgrad und schließt ihr Studium 1972 an der Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb ab. Ab Anfang der 1970er Jahre beginnt sie, mit Performances zu experimentieren und gehört damit zur ersten Generation von Künstlern, die sich dieser Kunstform bedient. Ihre Werke beinhalten häufig das risikoreiche und schmerzhafte Erforschen von körperlichen und existenziellen Grenzen. Abramović ergründet darin Geschlechterkonstruktionen und soziale Systeme ebenso wie die Extreme von Sensationen, wobei das Publikum als wichtiger Bestandteil zu ihrer Performance gehört. Zu ihren wichtigsten Werken gehört Balkan Baroque (1997), das die serbische Abstammung der Künstlerin und den Balkankonflikt thematisiert. Sie erhält dafür den Goldenen Löwen der Biennale in Venedig. Für The House with the Ocean View (2002) verbringt sie zwölf Tage und Nächte in den für das Publikum einsehbaren Räumen der New Yorker Sean Kelly Gallery und wird daraufhin mit dem Bessie Award ausgezeichnet. 2004 erhält Abramović die Ehrendoktorwürde des School of the Art Institute of Chicago. 2005 inszeniert sie im Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York Seven Easy Pieces, wobei sie neben einer eigenen sechs Performances anderer Künstler rezipiert und damit eine allgemeine Debatte über die Performance als vergängliche Kunstform, ihre Wiederaufführbarkeit sowie über den Schutz der Rechte der Performer auslöst. In ihren Performances arbeitet Abramović mit Künstlern wie Ulay und Hermann Nitsch zusammen. Abramovićs Arbeiten werden in internationalen Museen und Galerien weltweit ausgestellt, darunter die Whitney Biennale und das Museum of Modern Art in New York, dass ihr 2010 eine Retrospektive widmet, die documenta, die Art Basel oder das Kumamoto Museum of Contemporary Art in Japan. 2012 erscheint der Dokumentarfilm Marina Abramović: The Artist Is Present von Matthew Akers und Jeff Dupre. Marina Abramović lebt und arbeitet in Amsterdam und New York.

Chronik

1946
Born on November 30 in Belgrade, Serbia
1965 – 1970
Academy of Fine Arts, Belgrade, Serbia
1973
Wins Sekretar Skoja Prize for Rhythm 5, Galleria Nova, Zagreb, Croatia
1973 – 1975
Teaches at the Academy of Fine Arts, Novi Sad, Serbia
1983
Visiting professor at the Académie des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
1988
The Great Wall Walk (April 30–June 27)
1990 – 1991
Visiting professor at the Hochschule der Kunst
1990 – 1991
Visiting professor at the Académie des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
1992 – 1996
Professor at the Hochschule für Bildende Kunst in Braunschweig, Germany
1997
Golden Lion Award for Best Artist, XLVII Biennale di Venezia, Venice
1998
Board Member of the Contemporary Art Center, Kitakyushu, Japan
2001
Artist in residence at the Atelier Calder, Sache, France
2003
AICA USA Award
2003
Niedersächsicher Kunstpreis, 2003
2003
New York Dance and Performance Award
1997 – 2004
Professor at the Hochschule Bildende Künste, Braunschweig, Germany
2004
American Art Critic Association Award. Honorary Doctorate Degrees from The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, U.S.A.
2007
AICA USA Award
2007
Gran Premio AECA “Gran Premio” Award, Madrid, Spain
2008
Austrian Decoration of Honor for Science & Art
2009
Lorenzo il Magnifico Career Award, Florence Biennale, Florence, Italy
Lives and works in New York, NY

Ausstellungen

2011
"Marina Abramović: The Artist is Present," The Garage, Moscow, Russia (solo)
"Marina Abramović," Pinnacle Gallery, Savannah, GA (solo)
"Exchange + Evolution," Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, CA
"Fertility," Akim Monet, Berlin, Germany
2011
"Publics and Counterpublics," Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporaneo, Seville, Spain
"For a Long Time…," Roberts & Tilton, Santa Monica, CA
2011
"The Luminous Interval," Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain
2011
"L’Insoutenablle Légérete de l’Être," Yvon Lambert, New York, NY
2011
"L’Insoutenablle Légérete de l’Être," Yvon Lambert, Paris, France
2011
"Personal Structures," Palazzo Bembo, Venice, Italy
2011
"Heroinas," Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza y Fundacion Caja, Madrid, Spain
2011
"10 Dialogues: Richard Demarco, Scotland, and the European Avant Garde," Royal Scottish Academy of Art and Architecture, Edinburgh, Scotland
2011
"TRA. EDGE OF BECOMING," Palazzo Fortuny, Venice, Italy
2010
"Back to Simplicity," Galeria Luciana Brito, São Paulo, Brazil (solo)
2010
"Marina Abramović: Personal Archaeology," Sean Kelly Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2010
"Marina Abramović: The Artist is Present," Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
2010
"Marina Abramović," Lisson Gallery, London, England (solo)
2010
"Everything is going to be alright," Kamu Art Museum, Tallin, Estonia
2010
"Take Two: Worlds and Views," Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
2010
"The Missing Peace: Artists Consider the Dalai Lama," Nobel Museum, Stockholm, Sweden
2010
"Misericordia," Prism, Los Angeles, CA
2010
Third Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art: Against Exclusion, Garage Center for Contemporary Art, Moscow, Russia
2010
Hunt & Chase. Salomon Contemporary, East Hampton, New York
2010
Human Rites. Bass Museum of Art, Miami, Florida
2010
Human. Tmamac, Nice, France
2010
Human, 1988-2010. The Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California
2010
Outside the Box: Edition Jacob Samuel, 1988-2010. The Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California
2010
Goddesses, Museet for Samtidskunst, Oslo, Norway
2010
Haunted: Contemporary Photography/Video Performance, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York
2010
The Hoerengracht, Amsterdam Historical Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2010
Think Pink, Gavlak Gallery, Palm Beach, Florida
2010
That’s Life: Vanities from Caravaggio to Damien Hirst, Fondation Dina Vierny – Musée Maillol, Paris, France
2010
Haunted: Contemporary Photography/Video/Performance, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York
2010
Brave New World, Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, Luxembourg
2009
The Kitchen: Homage to Saint Therese, La Fabrica Galleria, Madrid, Spain (solo)
2009
Unconditional Love, Arsenale Novissimo Tesa 89, Venice Biennale, Venice Italy (solo)
2009
Marina Abramović: Irresistible, Galerie Cent 8, Paris, France (solo)
2009
POURQUOI ATTENDRE!, Fonds Andre Iten at Centre d'Art de Geneve, Geneva, Switzerland
2009
Variables, Beaumontpublic, Luxembourg, Brussels
2009
1989: The End of History or the Beginning of the Future? Video Art Comments on a Time Shift, Austrian Cultural Forum, New York, New York.
2009
The Missing Peace, Frost Art Museum, Miami, Florida
2009
Chelsea Visits Havana, Havana Fine Arts Museum, Cuba
2009
Elles@centrepompidou, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
2009
The Female Gaze: Women look at Women, Cheim & Reid, New York
2009
Worlds on Video, Strozzina, Florence, Italy
2008
8 Lessons on Emptiness with a Happy End, Beaumontpublic, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (solo)
2008
Marina Abramović: Videoinstalaciones, Laboratorio Arte Alameda, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
2008
XXVIII Sâo Paulo Biennale, Sâo Paulo, Brazil
2008
Video Performance: Models of Self-Reflection, Ausstellungshalle fur zeitgenossische Kunst Münster, Germany
2008
Photographic Works, To Benefit the Foundation for Contemporary Arts, Foundation for Contemporary Arts, New York, New York
2008
Great Women Artists: Selections from the Permanent Collection, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, New York
2008
I’ve Got Something in My Eye, Hessel Museum of Art - Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York
2008
Academia: Qui es-tu?, Chapelle de l’Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
2008
The Art of Participation: 1950 to Now, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California
2008
Person of the Crowd: The Contemporary Art of Flânerie, Neuberger Museum, Purchase, New York
2008
Martian Museum of Terrestrial Art, Barbican Art Gallery, London, England
2008
When I Open my Eyes in the Morning, I see a Film, Museum of Modern Art, Warsaw, Poland
2008
WACK: Art and the Fiminist Revolution, P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, Long Island
2007
Gehen bleiben, Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn
2007
Not Closed, beaumontpublic, Luxembourg
2006
Renegades 25 Years of Performance at Exit Art, Exit Art, New York City, NY
2006
Primitivism Revisited: After the End of an Idea, Sean Kelly Gallery, New York City, NY
2005
The Biography Remix [Performances], Avignon Theatre Festival, Avignon, France (solo)
2005
Photographies et Objets/Count On Us, Galerie Guy Bärtschi, Geneva, Switzerland (solo)
2005
(Re)Presenting Performance [Symposium], Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (solo)
2005
Self Portrait with Skeleton [Performance], Art Basel, Art Unlimited, Basel, Switzerland (solo)
2005
Seven Easy Pieces [Performances], Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (solo)
2005
Another Expo: Beyond the Nation-State, White Box, New York
2005
The Artist’s Body. Then and Now, Centre d’Art Contemporain, Genève, Switzerland
2005
CCA Kitakyushu Artist’s Books, Christophe Daviet-Thery, Paris
2005
Donna Donner, Palazzo Strozzi, Florence, Italy
2005
DreamingNow, The Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass.
2005
Art in Eastern Europe, Karl Ernst Osthaus-Museum, Hagen, Germany
2005
Figure It Out, Hudson Valley Center for Contemporary Art, Peekskill, New York
2005
Fragments of Time, Yellow Bird Gallery, Newburgh, New York
2005
The Gesture, Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art, Thessaloniki, Greece; Quarter, Center for Contemporary Arts, Florence, Italy
2005
etting Emotional, The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, MASS.
2004
"Biography Remix," Fondazione Roma Europa, Rome, Italy (solo)
"Performing Body: Video Works By Marina Abramović," Speed Art Museum, Louisville, KY (solo)
"Loop Performance," PS 1 Contemporary Art Center, New York, NY (solo)
Netherlands Media Art Institute, Montevideo/Time Based Arts, Amsterdam, Netherlands (solo)
"Student Body," Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (solo)

Öffentliche Sammlungen

Kunstmuseum Bern, Switzerland
Musée d'Art Contemporain Lyon, France
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN

Literatur

2005
Abramović, Marina et. al. “ MoMA: How to Look at Modern Art,” The Brooklyn Rail, February 2005, pp. 20-21.
2005
Amy, Michaël. “You talkin’ to me?,” DITS: Violence, Vol. III, No. 5, Winter-Spring 2005, pp. 18-31.
2005
Bellet, Harry, “Le marché de l’art en spectacle à la Foire de Bâle,” Le Monde, June 18th, 2005, p. 29.
2005
Bergeron, Chris, “Waking Dreams,” The Daily News, Sunday, March 6th, 2005, C1, C10.
2005
Bishop, Claire. “Fairer Fare,” ArtForum Online, June 15, 2005.
2005
Boyce, David B., “Brandeis gallery hosts provocative ‘Dreaming’ exhibit,” Sunday Standard-Times, March 13th, 2005.
2005
Breerette, Geneviève, “L’insoutenable Marina Abramović,” Le Monde 59e Edition du Festival d’Avignon, Tuesday, July 5th, 2005, p. 10.
2005
Castle, Terry. “Desperately Seeking Susan,” London Review of Books, March 17,2005.
2005
Cesare, Nikki T., “(Re)Performing the Score,” NY Arts, Vol. 10, No. 7.8, July/August 2005, pp. 22-23.
2005
Dailey, Meghan. “Feel Like Italian,” Art + Auction, Volume XXVII, No. 9, May 2005, p. 179.
2005
“Death and the maiden,” The Art Newspaper: Art Basel Edition, June 14, 2005, p. 1.
2005
De Baecque, Antoine, “Une vie de performances,” Libération Online, Wednesday, July 13, 2005.
2005
“Dreaming Now,” Sculpture, April 2005.
2005
Edgers, Geoff, “Trying out sleep sculpture gives him pause,” The Boston Globe,Friday, February 4th, 2005, C1, C16.
2005
Edgers, Geoff, “Perchance To Dream,” The Boston Globe, Friday, February4th, 2005, C1, C16.
2005
“Everybody at Art 36 Basel,” Artnet, June 20, 2005.
2005
Hopkins, Randi, “I know what girls like,” The Boston Phoenix, Wednesday, January 12th, 2005.
2005
“Le Guide Culturelle: Vidéo du Corps à l’Ouvrage,” Elle, June 27 2005, p. 24.
2005
Maddocks, Phil, “Make it a date in the Dream Bed,” Natick Bulletin & TAB, February 25th, 2005.
2005
“Marina Abramović: Autoportrait au Squelette,” Beaux Arts Magazine, June 2005, p. 112.