Cindy Sherman (amerikanisch, geb. 1954) ist durch ihre Fotografien bekannt, in denen sie Aspekte der Identität, des Feminismus, der Performance-Kunst und der Kulturkritik in einer provokanten Art integriert. Während ihres Studiums an der State University of New York in Buffalo gab Sherman die Malerei für die Fotografie auf und zog im Jahr 1976 nach New York, um als Fotografin zu arbeiten.

Sie gewann für ihre Serie Untitled Film Stills breites Kritikerlob. Auf den Bildern der Serie verkleidete Sherman sich als erfundene Persönlichkeiten, die sich an den weiblichen Klischees bedienen, wie "die gelangweilte Hausfrau", "die sexy Bibliothekarin" oder "die ehrgeizige Karrierefrau". Sherman posierte weiterhin selbst für verschiedene Serien, wie in der Serie History Portraits, in der sie sich selbst in der Art der Gemälde der Alter Meister inszeniert und damit die Rolle der Frauen zu überdenken versucht. Sie fotografierte sich hauptsächlich in Verkleidungen, in dunkleren Serien zusammenhängend mit perversen Märchen, Krieg und Geschlecht. Damit versucht sie die Fragen nach Angst, Ekel, dem Reißerischen und dem Grotesken in ihrem Werk zu untersuchen. Sherman wurde für ihr Werk mit dem MacArthur-Preis und dem HasselBlad-Preis für Fotografie ausgezeichnet. Die Künstlerin lebt und arbeitet in New York.

Chronik

1954
Born in Glen Ridge, NJ
1976
B.A. in Photography from State University College at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY
1977
Recipient, National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship
1983
Recipient, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship
1995
Recipient, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Grant
Lives and works in New York, NY

Ausstellungen

2012
Cindy Sherman, (retrospective) The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (2012-2013); Dallas Museum of Art (2013) (solo)
Portland Art Museum, OR (solo)
Gagosian Gallery, Paris, France (solo)
Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
That’s Me – That’s Not Me, Sammlung Verbund, Vertikale Galerie, Vienna, Austria (solo)
2011
Made in Italy, Gagosian Gallery Rome
Sprüth Magers, London (solo)
Cindy Sherman: Works from Friends of the Bruce Museum, Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT (solo)
2010
Untitled Film Stills, National Gallery of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland (solo)
Crash, Gagosian Gallery, London, England
2009
Cindy Sherman, Sprüth Magers, London, England (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Gagosian Gallery, Rome, Italy (solo)
The Pictures Generation, 1974-1984, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
2008
Second Thoughts, The Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY
Body Work, Le Case d'Arte, Milan, Italy
2041, Artnews Projects, Berlin, Germany
History Portraits, Skarstedt Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)
Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
Street and Studio, Tate Modern, London; Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany
The Broad Contemporary Art Museum, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
2007
Faces, Cook Fine Art, New York, NY
Imagination Becomes Reality, Werke aus der Sammlung Goetz, ZKM, Karlsruhe, Germany
Held Together with Water, Kunst aus der Sammlung Verbund, Museum für Angewandte Kunst, Vienna, Austria
What does the Jellyfish want?, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
There is never a stop and never a finish, Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin, Germany
Foto.Kunst, Essl Museum, Klosterneuburg, Austria
All the more real: Portrayals of Intimacy and Empathy, Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, NY
Traum und Trauma, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna, Austria
Into Me / Out of Me, Museo d’Arte Contemporanea, Rome, Italy
Eros in der Kunst der Moderne, BA-CA Kunstforum, Vienna, Austria
Bus Riders, Barbara Krakow Gallery, Boston, MA (solo)
A Play of Selves, Galerie Monika Sprüth Philomene Magers, London, England (solo)
WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA; National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington D.C.; P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, New York, NY
Theater without Theater, Museum of Contemporary Art, Barcelona, Spain
Museum Ludwig, Köln, Germany
Panic Attack! Art in the Punk Years, Barbican Art Gallery, London, England
Sammlung Verbund, MAK, Vienna, Austria
Wrestle, Hessel Museum of Art, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, NY
Portrait/Homage/Embodiment, Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, St. Louis, MO
2006
A Play of Selves, Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
Anos 80: Uma Topologia, Museu Serralves, Porto, Portugal
Das Achte Feld. Geschlechter, Leben und Begehren in der Kunst seit 1960, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
Surprise, Surprise, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, England
Eros in der Kunst der Moderne, Fondation Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland
The Other Side, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, NY
Memento Mori, Mireille Mosler Ltd., New York, NY
Into Me / Out of Me, Kunstwerke Berlin, Berlin, Germany
2005
Faites vos jeux! Kunst und Spiel seit Dada, Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz; Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Germany; Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Siegen, Germany
Cindy Sherman, Galerie du Chateau d’Eau, Toulouse, France (solo)
Self Performance. Jürgen Klauke und Cindy Sherman, Neues Museum, Weimar, Germany (solo)
2004
The Unseen Cindy Sherman: Early Transformations 1975/1976, Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, NJ (solo)
Cindy Sherman: Clowns, Kestner Gesellschaft, Hannover, NH (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
Enthüllt: Das Aktbild in der Fotokunst des 20 Jahrhunderts, Städtische Museen Heilbronn, Heilbronn, Germany
The Last Picture Show, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland
Faces in the Crowd, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, England
Incantations, Metro Pictures, New York, NY
2003
Cindy Sherman: Centerfolds, 1981, Skarstedt Fine Art, New York, NY(solo)
Cindy Sherman, Serpentine Gallery, London; Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, (solo)
2001
Cindy Sherman: Early Works, Studio Guenzani, Milan, Italy (solo)
Cindy Sherman: Moment of Truth, Copenhagen Contemporary Art Center, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
2000
Cindy Sherman, Hasselblad Center, Göteborg, Sweden (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Galería Juana de Aizpuru, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Greengrassi, London, England (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
Let's Entertain, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Open Ends, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Hyper Mental, Kunsthaus Zürich; Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany
1999
Gesammelte Werke 1: Zeitgenössische Kunst seit 1968, Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg, Germany
Notorious, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK
Cindy Sherman, Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
The American Century, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Inverted Odysseys, Grey Art Gallery, New York, NY
The Century of the Body: Photoworks 1900-2000, Musée de l'Elysée, Lisbon, Portugal
Triennale Exhibition: Sentiment of the Year 2000, Triennale di Milano, Milan, Italy
Regarding Beauty, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC
1998
Mirror Images: Women, Surrealism and Self-Representation, MIT List Center, Cambridge, MA; Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Allegories, Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA (solo)
Cindy ShermanMetro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
1997
Cindy Sherman: The Complete Untitled Film Stills, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
Cindy Sherman: A Selection From the Eli Broad Foundation’s Collection, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela (solo)
Cindy Sherman: Retrospective, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Gender Performance in Photography, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
On the Edge: Contemporary Art from the Werner and Elaine Dannheisser Collection, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Von Beuys bis Cindy Sherman Sammlung Lothar Schirmer, Kunsthalle, Bremen, Germany
1996
L'Informe: le Modernisme a Rebours, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France
Cindy Sherman, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Museum of Modern Art, Shiga, Japan
Hall of Mirrors: Art and Film Since 1945, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
Biennale di Firenze, Florence, Italy
1995
1995 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Zeichen & Wunder, Kunsthaus Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
XLVI Esposizione Internazionale d'Arte 1995, La Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy
FeminiMasculin: Le Sexe de l'Art?, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée d'Art Moderne, Paris, France
1995 Carnegie International, The Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA
Directions: Cindy Sherman Film, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC (solo)
Cindy Sherman: Photographien 1975-1995, Deichtorhallen Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Museu de Arte Moderna de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil (solo)
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
1994
Cindy Sherman, ACC Galerie, Weimar, Germany (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Manchester City Art Gallery, Manchester, UK (solo)
Cindy Sherman, The Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland (solo)
World Morality, Kunsthalle, Basel, Switzerland
Body and Soul, The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
Jurgen Klauke - Cindy Sherman, Sammlung Goetz, Munich, Germany
1993
Louise Lawler, Cindy Sherman, Laurie Simmons, Kunsternes Hus, Oslo, Norway
1993 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
American Art of This Century, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany
1992
Post Human, Musée d'Art Contemporain, Pully/Lausanne, Switzerland
1991
1991 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Metropolis, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany
Cindy Sherman, Basel Kunsthalle, Basel, Switzerland (solo)
1990
Padiglione d'arte Contemporanea, Milan, Italy (solo)
University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley, CA (solo)
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
Culture and Commentary, The Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC
Culture and Commentary, The Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC
Energies, The Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The Readymade Boomerang, Eighth Biennial of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
1989
Cindy Sherman, National Art Gallery, Wellington, New Zealand (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures, New York, (solo)
A Forest of Signs: Art in the Crisis of Representation, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
Bilderstreit, Messehallen, Cologne, Germany
Image World: Art and Media, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1988
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany (solo)
1987
Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
Avant-Garde in the Eighties, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Implosion: A Postmodern Perspective, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
1986
Art and Its Double: A New York Perspective, Fundacio Caixa de Pensions, Barcelona, Spain
Individuals: A Selected History of Contemporary Art, 1945-1986, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
The American Exhibition, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1985
Cindy Sherman, Westfälischer Kunstverein, Münster, Germany (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures, New York, (solo)
Carnegie International, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA
1985 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (cat.)
1984
Alibis, Centre Pompidou, Musee d'Art Moderne, Paris, France (cat.)
Content: A Contemporary Focus, 1974-84, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC (cat.)
The Fifth Biennale of Sydney, Private Symbol: Social Metaphor, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia (cat.)
Cindy Sherman, Akron Art Museum, Akron, OH (solo)
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany (solo)
1983
Musee d'Art et d'Industrie de Saint Etienne, Saint Etienne, France (solo)
The St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO (solo)
Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
Directions 1983, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC (cat.)
1983 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (cat.)
The New Art, The Tate Gallery, London, England
1982
Documenta 7, Kassel, Germany (cat.)
Eight Artists: The Anxious Edge, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN (cat.)
Cindy Sherman, The Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Deja Vu, Dijon, France (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)
La Biennale di Benezia, Venice, Italy (cat.)
1980
Cindy Sherman, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX (solo)
Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures, New York, NY (solo)

Öffentliche Sammlungen

FAIF Collection, Zurich, Switzerland
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Tate Gallery, London, UK
Victoria and Albert Museum, London , UK
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Musée d'art Contemporain, Montréal, Canada
Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany

Literatur

2007
Durand, Regis, Jean-Pierre Criqui and Laura Mulvey. Cindy Sherman. France: Flammarion, 2007.
2003
Galassi, Peter. Cindy Sherman: The Complete Untitled Film Stills. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2003.
2000
Cruz, Amanda, Elizabeth A. T. Smith and Amelia Jones. Cindy Sherman: Retrospective. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2000.