Fotograf, Autor und Lehrer der künstlerischen Fotografie. Ansel Adams (amerikanisch, 20.02.1902 – 22.04.1984) wird als Ansel Easton Adams in Carmel-by-the-Sea, CA geboren. Bereits im jungen Alter beginnt Adams 1916 zu fotografieren. Bis 1930 verdient er jedoch seinen Lebensunterhalt mit Klavierunterricht. In den Jahren 1920 bis 1927 übernimmt er in den Sommermonaten eine Stelle als Wächter im Yosemite-Nationalpark. Auf mehreren Expeditionen während dieser Zeit entstehen eindrucksvolle Landschafts- und Naturfotografien, mit denen er bekannt wird und denen eine lebenslange Faszination für die Nationalparks und die Wildnis im Westen der USA folgt. Im Jahr 1927 erscheint das erste Portfolio seines Werks unter dem Titel Parmelian Prints of the High Sierras und 1930 veröffentlicht Adams mit Taos Pueblo sein erstes Buch. Mit großem Erfolg stellt 1936 der New Yorker Galerist Alfred Stieglitz die Fotografien von Ansel Adams in seiner Galerie An American Place aus. 1940 wirkt Adams selbst als Kurator der Ausstellung A Pageant of Photography in San Fancisco. Er inspiriert die Gründung der fotografischen Abteilung des New Yorker Museum of Modern Art und richtet die fotografische Abteilung im heutigen San Francisco Art Institute ein. Als Mitbegründer der Gruppe f/64 zählt er zu den Pionieren der Straight Photography, die sich als Gegenbewegung zum Stil des Pictorialismus einer reinen und sachlichen Bildästhetik verpflichtet und der auch Edward Weston angehört. Darüber hinaus verfasst Adams zahlreiche Lehrbücher zu Theorie und Praxis der Fototechnik. Das von ihm zeitgleich mit Fred Archer formulierte Zonensystem wird wegweisend für die künstlerische Schwarzweiß-Fotografie.

Chronik

1902
Born February 20 at 114 Maple Street, San Francisco, to Olive and Charles
1916
Took pictures with his very first camera on a family trip to Yosemite National Park. He would return to Yosemite every year for the rest of his life.
1917
Worked at a Photo-finishing business
1922
Published first illustrated article in Sierra Club Bulletin
1927
Took the photo Monolith, The Face of Half Dome
1928
Married Virginia Best in Yosemite
1930
Became completely dedicated to photography after meeting photographer Paul Strand
1932
Co-founder of photography group, "f/64"
1933
Opened his own gallery in San Francisco
1937
His darkroom in Yosemite burned, about 20 percent of his negatives destroyed
1940
Helped found Department of Photography at New York's Museum of Modern Art
1941
Developed Zone System of photography, a technique of exposure and development control
1946
Received Guggenheim Fellowship to photograph national parks
1948
Guggenheim fellowship renewed
1949
Became consultant for Polaroid Corporation
1953
Did Life magazine photo essay on the Mormons in Utah
1958
Received third Guggenheim fellowship
1965
Named to President Johnson's environmental task force
1975
Helped found Center for Creative Photography at University of Arizona. His archives established there.
1980
Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Carter
1984
Died on April 22 in Monterey

Ausstellungen

2013
A Legacy, Holter Museum of Art, Helena, USA
Light Sensitive, Nasher Museum of Art, Durham, USA
Sight and Feeling, Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, Kalamazoo, USA
The Polaroid Years, The Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, USA
Clouds: World of the Ephemeral, Leopold Museum, Vienna, Austria
Ansel Adams - A Legacy, University of Virginia Art Museums, The Fralin Museum of Art, Charlottesville, USA
Georgia O’Keeffe and Ansel Adams: The Hawai‘i Pictures, Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, USA
Ansel Adams, The Getty Center, Los Angeles, USA
2012
Ansel Adams, Paine Art Center and Gardens, Oshkosh, USA
Ansel Adams: At the Water's Edge, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, USA
The song of the clouds, De Primi Fine Art, Lugano, Switzerland
Ansel Adams, Rizziero Arte, Pescara, Italy
2011
The View from Here, Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
Ansel Adams: A Legacy, Missoula Art Museum MAM, Missoula, USA
Ansel Adams: Masterworks, Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute, Utica, USA
Tribute to Ansel Adams, Galleria Repetto, Acqui Terme, Italy
Ansel Adams: Distance and Detail, Nevada Museum of Art NMA, Reno, USA
Ansel Adams: Masterworks, Fort Collins Museum of Contemporary Art (FCMOCA), Fort Collins, USA
2010
Ansel Adams: Arizona and the West, Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
Ansel Adams: Photographs, Charles A. Hartman Fine Art, Portland, USA
Ansel Adams: A Legacy, Booth Western Art Museum, Cartersville, USA
Ansel Adams, Monterey Museum of Art, Monterey, USA
Ansel Adams: Eloquent Light, Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, USA
Looking At Teske, Scott Nichols Gallery, San Francisco, USA
Ansel Adams: Masterworks, Rosemary Berkel and Harry L. Crisp II Museum, Cape Girardeau, USA
Ansel Adams at Work, The Fiat Lux Commission, UCR / California Museum of Photography, Riverside, USA
Ansel Adams: Discoveries, Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, USA
Ansel Adams: The Man Who Captured The Earth's Beauty, Southern Illinois University Museum, Carbondale, USA
2009
Month of photography: Ansel Adams, City Gallery of Bratislava / Galéria mesta Bratislavy, Bratislava, Slovakia
Ansel Adams: Masterworks From the Collection of the Turtle Bay Exploration Center, Redding, USA - Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, USA
Ansel Adams: A Legacy, Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, USA
Yosemite Valley vor Ansel Adams, Galerie foto-forum, Bolzano, Italy
Ansel Adams: Early Works, San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, USA
Ansel Adams - Photographs, Gl Holtegaard, Holte, Denmark
Ansel Adams in Yosemite, Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, USA
Ansel Adams: A Life’s Work, The Museum of Photographic Arts, San Diego, USA
People, of and by Ansel Adams, Center for Photographic Art, Carmel, USA
Ansel Adams: Early Works, Boise Art Museum BAM, Boise, USA
2008
CCP Center for Creative Photography, Tuscon, USA
Kunsthaus Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
2007
Atlas Gallery, London, England
Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, USA
2006
Portland Art Museum, Portland, USA
Photo Gallery International, Tokyo, Japan
2005
The Print Center, Philadelphia, USA
Fundacion Pedro Barrie de la Maza, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
2004
Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, USA
AGO Art Gallery of Ontario, Canada
Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Japan
2003
Jan Kesner Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
1972
Exhibits retrospective Recollected Moments, at San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; show is sent by USIS to Europe and South America
1963
The Eloquent Light, a retrospective exhibition with prints from 1923 to 1963 shown at the de Young Museum
1939
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
1937
Photographs included in the first historical survey of the medium at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
1936
Solo exhibition at An American Place, New York, USA
1931
Had an exhibition of 60 prints at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Literatur

1979
Yosemite and the Range of Light.
1978
Polaroid Land Photography and Ansel Adams: 50 Years of Portraits.
1976
Photographs of the Southwest.
1970
The Tetons and the Yellowstone.
1963
Releases Portfolio 4
1962
Death Valley and the Creek Called Furnace and These We Inherit: The Parklands of America.
1960
This is the American Earth and releases Portfolio 3
1959
Yosemite Valley
1958
The Islands of Hawaii
1956
Basic Photo Series 5
1954
Death Valley, Mission San Xavier del Bac and The Pageant of History in Northern California.
1952
Basic Photo Series 4.
1950
Basic Photo Series 3 and My Camera in Yosemite Valley. Issues Portfolio 2.
1948
Photo Series I: Camera and Lens and 2: The Negativeand Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada, and issues Portfolio I.
1946
Illustrated Guide to Yosemite Valley
1941
Michael and Anne in Yosemite Valley
1938
Sierra Nevada: The John Muir Trail.
1935
Making a Photograph: An Introduction to Photography.
1930
Taos Pueblo
1927
Publishes first portfolio, Parmelian Prints of the High Sierras.