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Jimmy Ernst    (American/German, 1920-1984)

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1920 Born in Colgne, Germany to Dada Surrealist artist Max Ernst and art historian Louise Straus-Ernst
1933 Ernst family emigrated to Paris for being suspected by the new Nazi regime
1932 - 1936 Student, Lindenthal Real-Gymnasium, Cologne
1938 Emigrated to the United States
1938 Student, School of Arts and Crafts, Altona, Germany
1940 Meets members of the New York avant-garde and European artists in exile. Petitions Emergency Rescue Committee (ERC) to help his parents escape from France.
1941 ERC succeeds in securing his father Max's release from internment. Max arrives in New York with Peggy Guggenheim on July 14.
1942 Guggenheim's Art of This Century Gallery opens, October 20, with Jimmy as director
1944 Unknown to him, his mother is transported to Auschwitz concentration camp on June 30 from Drancy, a detention camp near Paris. She does not survive the war
1945 Allied victory in Europe declared on May 8. Spends part of the summer in Amagansett with his father and other "Surrealists in Exile".
1946 Hattie Brooks Stevens Memorial Award Purchase Prize of the Pasadena Art Institute
1947 Married Edith Dallas Bauman
1950 Joins so-called "IrascibleEighteen" in protesting the anti-abstractionist bias of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
1951 Awarded Juliana Forme Memorial Purchase Award of the Whitney Museum of American Art
1952 Became a U.S.citizen and lived in New York City and East Hampton, NY
1954 Awarded Norman Weit Harris Bronze Medal of the Chicago Art Institute
1957 Recipient Brandeis Creative Arts Award
1961 Awarded John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship
1961 Guggenheim recipient
1982 Awarded an honorary Doctorate by Southampton College of Long Island University
1982 Honorary doctorate, Southampton College
1983 Elected to membership of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York
1951 - 1984 Taught at Brooklyn College, become associate professor in 1963
1984 Dies in New York City on February 6

2008 "Une Lignee Electrique: Surrealisme et ses Environs," Galerie 1900-2000, Paris
"Gifted: Recent Additions to the Permanent Collection," Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, DE
2007 "Shining Spirit: Westheimer Family Collection," Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, OK
2006 "Jimmy Ernst: Five Decades of Paintings and Works on Paper," Spanierman Gallery, LLC. East Hampton, New York. June 29-August 7, 2006. (solo)
2003 Harmon Meeks Gallery. Naples, Florida. (solo)
2002 "Jimmy Ernst: Transcending the Surreal," Springfield Art Museum. Springfield, Missouri. September 14-November 10, 2002. (solo)
The Butler Institute of American Art. Salem, Ohio. September 20-October 25, 2003. (solo)
Frederick R. Weisman Museum of Art, Pepperdine University Art Gallery. Malibu, California. January 10-April 4, 2004. (solo)
2001 "Jimmy Ernst: Paintings and Works on Paper: 1942-1983," ACA Galleries. New York, New York. March 1-31, 2001.
1999 "Jimmy Ernst: I Am an American Painter," Sprengel Museum. Hanover, Germany. October 12-December 19, 1999. (solo)
"Max Ernst & Jimmy Ernst - Father & Son," American Contemporary Art Gallery. Munich, Germany. June 10 - August 31, 1999. (solo)
1998 "The Sea of Grass series and beyond," Museum of Fine Arts. St. Petersburg, Florida. September 13-November 8, 1998. (solo)
1997 Grand, Stanley I, curator. "Shadow to Light," Sordoni Art Gallery, Wilkes University. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. (solo)
1994 "Trails of Silence," Tampa Museum of Art. Tampa, Florida. September 11-November 13, 1994. (solo)
"Jimmy Ernst: Lines Through Time," Philharmonic Center for the Arts. Naples, Florida. March 20-May 2, 1994. (solo)
1991 "Jimmy Ernst," Galerie 1900-2000/Marcel Fleiss. Paris, France. November 8-28, 1990. (solo)
1988 University of Wisconsin. Oshkosh, Wisconsin. (solo)
McAllen International Museum, Texas. (solo)
Community Gallery of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. (solo)
Muscatine Art Center, Iowa. (solo)
"The Forgotten Mural," Emily Lowe Gallery, Hofstra Museum, Hofstra University. Hempstead, New York. September 13-October 30, 1988. (solo)
1987 "Retrospective," Harmon-Meek Gallery. Naples, Florida. February 15-March 7, 1987. (solo)
Butler Institute of American Art. Youngstown, Ohio. September 6-October 11, 1987. (solo)
Century Club. New York, New York. (solo)
Corbine Gallery. Sarasota, Florida. (solo)
1986 Century Club. New York, New York. (solo)
Galerie am Schloss in Ausstellung ger Stadt. Bruhl, Germany. (solo)
1985 "Jimmy Ernst: A survey, 1942-1983," Guild Hall Museum. East Hampton, New York. July 21-September 15, 1985. (solo)
1984 Armstrong Gallery. New York, New York. (solo)
1981 Harmon Gallery. Naples, Florida. (solo)
1976 Riva Yares Gallery. Scottsdale, Arizona. (solo)
1974 Riva Yares Gallery. Scottsdale, Arizona. (solo)
1972 Galerie Lucie Weill. Paris, France. (solo)
1970 Guild Hall Museum. East Hampton, New York. (with John Opper). (solo)
1968 "Recent paintings by Jimmy Ernst," Arts Club of Chicago. Chicago, Illinois. December 17-January 25, 1969. (solo)
1966 Des Moines Art Center. Des Moines, Iowa. (solo)
1965 Amerika Haus. Berlin, Germany. (solo)
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (solo)
Norton Gallery. West Palm Beach, Florida. (solo)
1964 Stadtisches Kunsthaus. Bielefeld, Germany. (solo)
1963 Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, Michigan. December 10-January 5, 1964. (solo)
Kolnischer Kunstverein. Cologne, Germany. (solo)
1962 Obelisk Gallery. Washington, D.C.. (solo)
1957 "Art on the Campus," Rabb Graduate Center, Brandeis University. Waltham, Massachusetts. (solo)
1956 Museum of Fine Arts. Houston, Texas.(solo)
1955 Silverman Guild of Artists. Norwalk, Connecticut. (solo)
Philadelphia Art Alliance. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (solo)
1954 Walker Art Center. Minneapolis, Minnesota. (solo)
1953 Obelisk Gallery. Washington, D.C.. (solo)
1951 Grace Borgenicht Gallery. New York, New York. 1951-1972. (solo)
1950 Robert Carlen Gallery. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.(solo)
1948 Laurel Gallery. New York, New York. 1948-1950.(solo)
1946 "Black Music," Norlyst Gallery. New York, New York. (solo)
1944 Norlyst Gallery. New York, New York. 1944-1945. (solo)
1943 - 1934 First one-man show "Reflections of the Inner Eye," Norlyst Gallery. New York, New York.
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