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Tamara de Lempicka    (Polish, 1898-1980)

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Polish-born painter active in Paris and the USA She was born Tamara Gorska in Warsaw to wealthy parents and in 1916 she married Tadeusz Lempicki, a Russian lawyer and socialite.
In 1918 they fled the Russian Revolution to Paris, where she studied with Maurice Denis and André Lhote. She quickly established a reputation as a painter of portraits, mainly of people in the smart social circles in which she moved-- writers, entertainers, the deposed nobility of eastern Europe.
Her style owes something to the 'cubism' of Léger, but is very distinctive in its hard, streamlined elegance and sense of chic decadence-- better than anyone else she represents the Art Deco style in painting. Apart from portraits, her main subjects were erotic nudes and still lifes of calla lilies.
She received considerable critical acclaim and also became a social celebrity, famed for her aloof Garboesque beauty, her parties, and her love affairs (with women as well as men).
In 1939 she moved to the USA with her second husband Baron Raoul Huffner, repeating her artistic and social success in Hollywood and New York.
By the 1950s, however, her work was going out of fashion. She tried painting pictures in a different, much looser style, but these were coolly received.

2004 - 2005 Kunstforu, Vienna
2004 Royal Academy, London
1997 Museum of Fine Arts of Hiroshima, Hiroshima
1994 Academie de France (Villa Medici), Rome
1981 Seibu, Tokyo
1972 Galerie du Luxembourg, Paris

1997 Blondel & Hiroohu, Lempicka, Tokyo, page 78, no. 32
1994 Calvesi & Borghese, Tamara de Lempicka. Tra eleganza e trasgressione. Leonardo Arte, Rome, no. 41
1994 Mori, Gioia, Lempicka Paris 1920-1938, Florence, page 196
1993 Neret Gilles, Lempicka 1898-1980, Benedikt Taschen Verlag GmbH, Cologne, page 30
1993 Thorman, Ellen Tamara de Lempicka, Berlin, no. 74
1987 De Lempicka-Foxhall & Phillips, Passion by Design, Abbeville Press Publishers, New York, page 128
1986 U.A.M., Editions du Regard, Paris, page 468
1980 Bazin & Itsuki, Lempicka, Parko Editions, Tokyo, No. 61
1978 Marmori, Giancarlo, Tamara de Lempicka, Idea Editions, page 58
1972 Vaux, Marc, Lempicka Foundation, Paris, No. 102
1972 Reau, Jean Lempicka Galerie Luxembourg, Paris, No. 43
1935 Dayot, Magdeleine A, "Tamara de Lempicka", No. 156
1923 De Lempicka, Tamara, Photo Album Notes, Lempicka Archives, Houston, No. 102
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