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Yves Klein    (French, 1928-1962)

 Yves Klein - L’esclave De Michel Angel (Sculptures) h: 66.5 x w: 25.4 x d: 31.8 cm / h: 26.2 x w: 10 x d: 12.5 in
Yves Klein
L’esclave De Michel Angel 1962
 
 Yves Klein - La Terre bleue (Sculptures) h: 40.5 x w: 29.5 x d: 29 cm / h: 15.9 x w: 11.6 x d: 11.4 in
Yves Klein
La Terre bleue 1957
 
 

Biografie
1928 Born: Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France
1942 - 1946 Studied at Ecole Nationale de la Marine Marchande, and Ecole Nationale des Langues Orientales, France
1949 Composed "The Monotone-Silence Symphony" that consisted of a single 20-minute sustained chord followed by a 20-minute silence: influenced the development of Minimalism
1955 Moved to Paris
1957 Beginning of the artist's "Blue Period", or "Epoque bleue"
1959 He sells his first 'zones de sensibilite picturale immatrielle' at the prix of 20 grams of fine gold: the buyer received a certificate of property conceived and signed by Yves Klein. The gold powder was then thrown in the air and the buyer had to destroy his receipt. This transaction which seemed far from an artistic preoccupation consisted of the sensibility of the 'acquirer' to the idea of the first : the immaterial sensibility of emptiness.
1960 Founded the "Nouveau Realisme" group in Klein's apartment; founding members were Arman, Francois Dufrene, Raymond Hains, Yves Klein, Martial Raysse, Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely , Jacques Villegle, with Niki de Saint-Phalle, Christo and Duchamp joining later
The artist trademarked the blue that he uses under the name 'International Klein Blue' (IKB)
1962 Died: Cannes, France

Ausstellungen
2012 Yves Klein. Judo e Teatro - Corpo e Visioni - Palazzo Ducale, Genoa
2011 Yves Klein - Lalique - Galerie Gmurzynska - Zürich, Zurich
2010 Yves Klein: With the Void, Full Powers - Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
2009 The Foundations of Judo by Yves Klein - Cokkie Snoei - Rotterdam, Rotterdam (solo)
The Lens and the Mirror: Self-Portraits from the Collection, 1957–2007 - The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY
Love Letters: ampliamento e allestimento della nuova collezione del MACRO - MACRO Museo d´Arte Contemporanea Roma, Rome
2008 Skulpturen im Blickpunkt, Stadtische Kunsthalle Mannheim, Mannheim
Person of The Crowd: The Contemporary Art of Flanerie, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, NY
2007 Declaring Space- The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX
2006 Zero, Musee d'Art moderne de saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne
Marie Raymond & Yves Klein, Ludwig Museum im Deutschherrenhaus, Koblenz
2003 Art, lies and Videotape: Exposing Performance, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool (England)
2002 Hommage a Francois Pluchart, FRAC - Bourgogne, Dijon
Jean le Jeune, Museum Tinguely, Basel
2001 il Dono, Palazzo delle Papesse - Centro Arte Contemporanea, Siena
2000 Action/Performance Photography, Ulrich Museum of Art, Wihcita, KS
1999 inter esse, galerie stadtpark, Krems
1998 KolnSkulptur, Skulpturenpark Koln, Cologne
1998 Lisbon, Galeria Antonio Prates, "Yves Klein"
1997 Oslo, National Museum of Contemporary Art (and traveling) "Yves Klein"
1995 "Yves Klein," Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia in Madrid, the Hayward Gallery in London and the Museum Ludwig in Cologne
1994 Cologne, Museum Ludwig (and traveling), "Yves Klein"
1992 RENN, Espace d'Art Contemporain in Paris (solo)
the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles (solo)
1990 "Yves Klein: Triptychon 1960," Kunsthalle Basel in Basel, Switzerland
1982 The Rice Museum in Houston holds a major exhibition of Klein's work that later travels to the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York
1974 "Yves Klein, 1928-1962: Selected Writings," Tate Gallery, London, England
1973 "Fruhe Gelbe, Schwarze, Weisse, Orange, Grune: Bilder von Yves Klein," Kaiser Wilhelm Museum in Krefeld, Germany
1970 Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna in Turin (solo)
1969 "Yves Klein: 1928-1962," Musee d'Arts Decoratifs, Paris, France
1968 "Yves Klein in Nurnberg," Kunsthalle Nurnberg
"Yves Klein," Louisiana Museum in Humlebaek
1965 Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam (solo retrospective)
1963 Kaiser Wilhelm Museum in Krefeld and the Svensk- Franska Konstgalleriet in Stockholm (solo)
1962 He stages a performance at the Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville in Paris. He participates in the Antagonismes: L'Objet exhibition at the Musee d'Arts Decoratifs in Paris.
1961 "Yves Klein: Monochrome + Feuer" Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld, Germany
Leo Castelli, New York, New York (solo)
"'A 40' au-dessus de Dada" Galerie J., Paris, France
1960 (February 23) "Celebration d'une nouvelle Ere anthropometrique" at his home; the artist created more "performance prints" with two nude models and blue paint, titling this: Celebration d'une nouvelle Ere anthropometrique (Celebration of a New Anthropometric Period)
"Antagonisms" Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Paris, France
(March 9): Anthropometries de l'Epoque bleue (Anthropometries of the Blue Period), International Gallery of Contemporary Art, 253, rue Saint-Honore, Paris. This time the artist employed three nude models who covered themselves with (IKB) blue paint, danced to the artist's original choreographed ballet and threw themselves against large sheets of paper fastened to the walls and laid upon the floor
"Les Nouvelles Realistes," Galleria Apollinaire, Milan
"Yves-le monochrome" Galerie Rive Droite, Paris
1958 (June 5): first experiments with the "living brushes" technique in Robert Godet's apartment on Ile Saint-Louis in Paris. Yves covered in blue paint the naked body of a young woman, who, through a series of rotating movements, left her bodily prints on a sheet of paper set on the floor, until the support was fully saturated. The result was a blue monochrome
"La Specialisation de la sensibilite a l'etat matiere premiere en sensibilite picturale stabilisee" (solo), Galerie Iris Clert, Paris, France
1957 'Proposte Monochrome;Epoca Blu,' Galleria Apollinaire, Milan (solo)
Micro-Salon d'Avril (solo), Galerie Iris Clert, Paris
"Yves-le monochrome" at Galerie Alfred Schmela, Dusseldorf, Germany and Gallery One, London, England
1956 'Yves: Propositions Monochromes,' Galerie Colette Allendy
Order of the Knights of St. Sebastian represented at the Festival d'Art d'Avant, Garde, Marseilles, France
1954 private exhibition in Madrid, Spain
1952 - 1953 holds a private exhibition in while visiting in Tokyo, Japan
1950 held first private show of small monochrome paintings in his room in Paris

Literatur
2913 Yves Klein / Claude Parent. Le memorial: projet d'architecture, Espace de l'Arte Concret, Mouans-Sartoux, France
Klein-Byars-Kapoor, ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum, Aarhus, Denmark
2000 Annette Kahn, "Le maitre du bleu, Yves Klein", editions Stock, Paris
Jeanne-Paul Ledeur, Yves Klein, "Catalogue Raisonne des Editions et Sculptures", Knokke-le-Zoute
Nicolas Charlet, Yves Klein, Paris
1998 Lisbon, Galeria Antonio Prates, "Yves Klein" (catalogue)
1997 Oslo, National Museum of Contemporary Art (and traveling) "Yves Klein"(catalogue)
1994 Cologne, Museum Ludwig (and traveling),"Yves Klein"(catalogue)
1990 Pierre Restany, Yves Klein : "le feu au coeur du vide" (La Difference) Paris
1984 Sidra Stich, "Yves Klein", Stuttgart, Germany
1983 Catherine Millet, Yves Klein, Art Press (Flammarion) Paris
1982 Pierre Restany, "Yves Klein", Paris
1969 Paul Wember, "Yves Klein", Cologne,Germany
1959 Texte de Yves Klein: Le de passement de la problematique de l'art (d. Montbliart)
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